Jpn. J. Infect. Dis., 56, 187-192, 2003
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AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections in Hospital Kuala Lumpur
Veeranoot Nissapatorn*, Christopher Lee1, Quek Kia Fatt2 and Khairul Anuar Abdullah
Department of Parasitology and 2Department
of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Malaya Medical
Centre, 50603 Kuala Lumpur and
1Department of Medicine, Hospital Kuala Lumpur, 50586 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
(Received May 2, 2003. Accepted October 16, 2003)
*Corresponding author: Mailing address: Department of Parasitology, University of Malaya Medical Centre, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Tel: +603-79676618, Fax: +603-79674754, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
SUMMARY: We retrospectively reviewed 419 HIV/AIDS patients in Hospital Kuala Lumpur from 1994 to 2001. In the male group, the age range was 20 - 74, with a mean age 37 years, while in the female group it was 17 - 63, with a mean age of 33 years. With regard to age group, it was found that the preponderant age group was 25 - 34 years. The majority of male subjects were Chinese (52.5%), single (56.3%), and unemployed (55.1%), whereas the females were Malay (42.3%), married (79.5%), and non-laborer (64.1%). Also, both groups resided in Kuala Lumpur and had heterosexual contact as the leading cause of HIV transmission. More than half of the patients had CD4 cell counts of <200 cells/cumm. We found that the acquisition of HIV infection via intravenous drug use (IDU) was directly related to the incidence of tuberculosis infection (P < 0.05). Further analysis showed HIV-related tuberculosis with IDU was also dependently correlated with occupational status (unemployed) (P < 0.05). The four main AIDS-defining diseases include tuberculosis (48%), Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (13%), toxoplasmic encephalitis (11%), and cryptococcal meningitis (7%); in addition, 53% of these patients were found to have CD4 cell counts of less than 200 cells/cumm at the time of diagnosis.
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